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What causes kidney stones?

The exact cause of kidney stones is unknown. However, certain factors increase the risk of developing them. These include:

• Urinary stasis – When the flow of urine becomes blocked, crystals begin to accumulate.

• Genetic predisposition – Certain genes make some people more likely to develop kidney stones.

• Diet – High-calorie diets, high salt intake, and dehydration may contribute to the formation of kidney stones.

• Infection – An infection in the kidneys may lead to the formation of kidney crystals.

• Drugs – Certain drugs, including diuretics, laxatives, and antibiotics, may increase the risk of forming kidney stones.

How do I know if I have a kidney stone?

You should seek medical attention if you experience any of these symptoms:

· Pain in the lower back, side, or abdomen

· Nausea

· Vomiting

· Fever

· Chills

· Loss of appetite

· Blood in the urine

· Difficulty passing urine


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