The exact cause of kidney stones is unknown. However, certain factors increase the risk of developing them. These include:
• Urinary stasis – When the flow of urine becomes blocked, crystals begin to accumulate.
• Genetic predisposition – Certain genes make some people more likely to develop kidney stones.
• Diet – High-calorie diets, high salt intake, and dehydration may contribute to the formation of kidney stones.
• Infection – An infection in the kidneys may lead to the formation of kidney crystals.
• Drugs – Certain drugs, including diuretics, laxatives, and antibiotics, may increase the risk of forming kidney stones.
How do I know if I have a kidney stone?
You should seek medical attention if you experience any of these symptoms:
· Pain in the lower back, side, or abdomen
· Loss of appetite
· Blood in the urine
· Difficulty passing urine