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Types of Vitamins and minerals

Vitamins
Other Names
Functions
Vitamin K
Prothombin factor, menaquinones
Blood-clotting mechanisms, electron transport mechanisms, growth, prothrombin synthesis in liver
Vitamin E
Tocopherol, Tokopharm, Tocotrienols
Antioxidant, growth maintenance aids absorption of unsaturated fatty acids, maintains muscular metabolism and integrity of vascular system and Central nervous system.
Vitamin D
Vitamin D3, cholecalciferol, calcitrol
Normal growth, Calcium and Phosphorus absorption, maintains and activates alkaline phosphatase in bone, maintains serum calcium and phosphorus levels
Vitamin C
Ascorbic Acid
Absorption of iron , antioxidant, growth, wound healing, formation of cartilage, dentine, bone and teeth, maintenance of capillaries
Vitamin B12
Cobalamin
Coenzyme in nucleic acid, protein, and lipid synthesis; maintenance of epithelial cells and nervous system
Vitamin B6
Pyridoxine, pyridoxol, adermine
Growth; protein, CHO, and lipid metabolism; coenzyme in amino acid metabolism
Vitamin B5
Panthothenic Acid
Lipid metabolism, protein metabolism, part of coenzyme A in carbohydrate metabolism
Vitamin B3
Nicotinamide, niacinamide, nicotinic acid, niacin
Maintenance of NAD and NADP, coenzyme in lipid catabolism, oxidative deamination
Vitamin B2
Riboflavin
Growth and development of foetus, redox systems, and respiratory enzymes;maintenance of mucosal, epithelial and eye tissues
Vitamin B1
Thiamine
Growth, appetite, digestion, nerve activity, energy production
Vitamin A
Retinol, retinoic acid, retinal, carotenoid
Growth, maintenance of skin, bone development, maintenance of myelin, maintenance of vision

CHO- Carbohydrates

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Minerals List

Minerals
Functions
Molybdenum, Mo
Functions as a co-factor for at least four enzymes: sulfite oxidase, xanthine oxidase, aldehyde oxidase, and mitochondrial amidoxime reducing component.
Fluoride, F
It is involved in formation of bones and teeth; helps prevent dental decay and caries.
Manganese, Mn
It activates numerous enzymes — such as hydrolases, transferases, kinases, and decarboxylases — and is a constituent of some enzymes. Manganese also plays a role in blood clotting and hemostasis in conjunction with vitamin K.
Chromium, Cr
Chromium acts as an antioxidant. It also helps to decrease insulin resistance in diabetic patients
Selenium, Se
Antioxidant; Necessary for the immune system to operate properly and looks to be a crucial nutrient in halting the spread of virulence and prevention of HIV. It may reduce the risk of miscarriage and also is necessary for sperm motility.
Iodine, I
Growth and development, Metabolism, Reproduction, Thyroid hormone production
Zinc, Zn
It plays main roles in the cell-mediated immunity, bone formation, tissue growth, brain function, growth of the fetus and child. It also has roles in pathogenesis of some dermatological disorders.
Copper, Cu
Part of many enzymes including metalloenzymes; needed for red blood cell formation, connective tissues
Iron, Fe
Helps in the formation of heme proteins needed for the transport of oxygen to the red blood cells, flavoproteins and other enzymes.
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