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Cardiac/Heart Diseases

Heart disease is a condition where the heart muscle does not function properly. There are many different types of heart disease, including coronary artery disease, congenital heart defects, cardiomyopathy, valvular heart disease, and pericardial disorders.

Coronary artery disease (CAD) occurs when plaque builds up inside the arteries supplying blood to the heart. Plaque buildup may cause a narrowing of the arteries, reducing the amount of oxygen-rich blood that flows to the heart. CAD is the leading cause of death in both men and women.


Congenital heart defects occur before birth and affect the structure of the heart. These defects may result in abnormal heart valves, holes between chambers of the heart, or blocked vessels. Congenital heart defects are among the most common birth defects.


Cardiomyopathy refers to any disorder that affects the muscles of the heart. Cardiomyopathy may be caused by damage to the heart muscle itself, problems with the electrical system of the heart, or abnormalities of the heart valves.

Valvular heart disease occurs when the heart's valves do not open and close properly. Valvular heart disease causes the valves to leak or fail to seal completely, resulting in the backflow of blood.

Pericardial disorders refer to conditions affecting the sac surrounding the heart. Pericarditis is inflammation of the sac around the heart; pericardial effusion is fluid accumulation in the sac, and cardiac tamponade is an excessive build-up of fluid in the sac causing compression of the heart.

Common Types of Heart Diseases

Heart AttackPlay Audio
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Heart Attack:- Heart attack also known as myocardial infarction (MI). It is a serious medical emergency.

Heart attacks happen when blood flow to your heart becomes blocked. The most common cause of a blocked artery is coronary artery disease. This can happen when plaque builds up in your arteries and narrows them. Sometimes plaque can break off from an artery wall and travel through your bloodstream to another part of your body where it blocks an artery or vein.

Symptoms of a heart attack include chest pain or discomfort that lasts more than 10 minutes, shortness of breath, nausea and vomiting, dizziness or light-headedness, cold sweats and unusual fatigue.

Heart FailurePlay Audio
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Heart Failure:-  Heart failure is a condition in which the heart loses its ability to pump blood at the rate and pressure needed to meet the body's needs. Symptoms of heart failure include shortness of breath, leg swelling, persistent cough, and chest pain.

There are many causes of heart failure including coronary artery disease, high blood pressure, diabetes, and obesity.

Heart failure can be treated with medications and lifestyle changes but sometimes surgery is necessary.

Heart failure is a serious condition that can lead to death if not treated. If you have any of these symptoms it’s important that you see your doctor as soon as possible so they can diagnose the problem and start treatment right away.

Cardiac-ArrhythmiaPlay Audio
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Arrhythmia:-  Arrhythmia is a condition in which the heart beats irregularly. It can be caused by many factors, such as genetics, heart disease, and drug use. It may be caused by a number of different factors, and it may or may not require treatment.

Arrhythmia is an irregular heartbeat that can be caused by a variety of things, such as:

-A heart attack

-A malfunctioning heart valve

-A genetic disorder

-Heart disease

-Congenital heart defects

-Electrolyte imbalance

-Drug abuse

-Excessive caffeine or nicotine use

Arrhythmia can lead to serious health conditions, including congestive heart failure, stroke, and even sudden death.

Cardiac-Valve DiseasePlay Audio
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Valve Disease:- 

Valve disease is a heart condition in which one or more of the valves of the heart do not work properly. It can lead to fluid getting backed up into the lungs, and can also cause blood clots.

The valve disease is caused by a defect in the heart valves. The valve leaflets are not opening and closing as they should be, which leads to a leakage of blood from one chamber to another. This can cause high blood pressure or an irregular heartbeat, and it can lead to other serious medical conditions such as stroke, pulmonary edema, and congestive heart failure. Valve disease is usually caused by an inherited disorder, but it can also be caused by other diseases or conditions, such as high blood pressure, pregnancy, or rheumatic fever. However, some people with valve disease may not have any symptoms of this condition until they experience a complication such as sudden cardiac arrest. Valve disease is typically diagnosed based on the symptoms, physical exam, and tests such as an echocardiogram or cardiac catheterization. Treatment for valve disease depends on the severity and type of valve problem.

Healthy Heart Blog

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