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Side effects of Dialysis


Hemodialysis is a process in which a machine expels the waste out of the body. When the kidneys are compromised and no longer function properly, the person becomes uremic. Later the person requires hemodialysis to clean out the waste from the blood and extra fluids. Over two million people are suffering from kidney disease and receive dialysis.




Side effects of hemodialysis: -

1. Dialyzer reaction: Dialyzer reactions happen when there is free debris or chemical in the dialyzer material that enters into the body, and the reaction. The reaction can start during the dialysis or post-dialysis. The situation can be mild, or severe. Severe reactions can be dangerous or sometimes life-threatening.


Identifying the reaction.

If you see the below side effects then possibly there would be a dialyzer reaction. Sometimes this kind of reaction may happen due to the use of cold dialysate solutions.

  1. Sudden Chills.

  2. Sudden Fever.

  3. Tremors or sometimes severe tremors may require emergency hospitalizations.

  4. Nausea and Vomiting.

  5. Loss of appetite.

  6. Resistance hypertension. The blood pressure is stuck at one point or not decreasing.

  7. A rise in heartbeat/pulse.

  8. Feeling of Hot-flashes in the body.

  9. Burning sensation.

  10. Headache.

Other side effects of hemodialysis:

The following may occur after or during the dialysis.

  1. High Blood pressure.

  2. Low Blood pressure.

  3. Hives, mostly itching in the back or all over the body.

  4. Loss of appetite

  5. Salty or Bitter tongue.

  6. Muscle Cramps- mostly occur in the legs.

  7. Headache and Nausea.

  8. Stomach Bloating.

  9. Head Buzzing/Humming, mostly occurs when overdried.

The above side effects mostly occur when the person has overdried his body. There are medicines to overcome these above side effects. Consult your nephrologist if you're facing these side effects frequently.


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